Parapolitika : Journal of Politics and Democracy Studies is the official journal published by the Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Pembagunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta. This journal aims to publish any kinds of popular scientific papers or research discussing either political phenomena or social political thought. Publishing articles in this journal is the part of contributing to the development of political science. Parapolitika : Journal of Politics and Democracy Studies is published twice a year: in February and August. The Editorial Board of Parapolitika : Journal of Politics and Democracy Studies invites experts, scholars, practitioners, students, and intellectuals to submit their writings. Editors will select every manuscript submitted to Parapolitika : Journal of Politics and Democracy Studies using the blind reviewer mechanism from peer reviewers asked by editors. Reviewers of this journal come from national and international universities and academic institutions.