KETERWAKILAN POLITIK PEREMPUAN DI PARLEMEN PERIODE 2019-2024: PERAN PARTAI POLITIK
Political parties have an important role in efforts to increase women's political representation in parliament. The most
significant function of political parties as gatekeepers is to carry out the recruitment, selection and candidacy of
candidates for members of parliament in the general election contestation. This study aims to explain both internal
and external factors that influence the role of political parties in increasing women's political representation in
parliament in the 2019 election. The research method used is literature study by referring to previous research and
secondary data sourced from books, journals, online news, and laws and regulations. The findings of this study
reinforce previous research that political parties have a major role in efforts to increase women's political
representation in parliament. The role of the party refers to the process of recruitment, selection and candidacy of
women, the involvement of women in the organizational structure of the party, and the ideology of political parties.
The role and policies of political parties in increasing women's representation are also strongly influenced by gender
quota policies, electoral systems and party systems, and women's movement activists.